Welcome to nghelamvuon.wordpress.com Gardening Daily Tips No 139
Plant type: Shrub
USDA Hardiness Zones: 4b to 7b
Height: 9″ to 24″
Spread: 11″ to 24″
Exposure: partial shade partial sun to full sun
Bloom Color: Pink, Purple, Red
Bloom Time: Early fall, Late summer, Mid summer
Leaf Color: Green
Growth Rate: average
Soil Condition: Acidic, Sandy, Well drained
Form: Rounded, Spreading or horizontal, Upright or erect
Alpine garden, Border, Foundation, Ground cover, Massing, Rock garden, Specimen
Attractive foliage, Not North American native, Suitable for cut flowers, Suitable for dried flowers, Attractive flowers or blooms
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Question: My large tomatoes turn red, but the flesh inside is white and hard; no other problems otherwise. The plants are green and healthy. The cherry tomatoes grown next to them are ripe and perfect. How can I grow red ripe big tomatoes again? Help! I’m lost here!
Answer: This sounds like a physiological disorder (not caused by insects or disease) known, appropriately enough, as internal white tissue. The affected tomatoes rarely show any external symptoms, but when they are cut open, hard, white areas are present inside the fruits. It is thought that high temperatures as the tomatoes are ripening is what triggers this disorder. Making sure that your soil has sufficient potassium (the “K” of the N-P-K analysis on a fertilizer label) will help to reduce the problem. Some tomato varieties seem to be more prone to this problem than others, so you may try growing a different variety next year. Another possibility is the result of insect damage. Whiteflies feeding on the tomatoes inject a toxin that causes them to ripen irregularly. Sometimes you’ll see white or yellow areas on the outside of the fruits, but sometimes all you find is hard, white tissue inside. The whiteflies that cause this damage are most prevalent in the southern parts of the country. Check for whiteflies by looking for small, white winged insects that feed on the underside of the leaves and that flutter up in a cloud when disturbed. Control them with sprays of insecticidal soap.
Question: I’m thinking of mulching everything in my vegetable garden with hay or straw. Is this type of mulch acceptable and is there any down side to it?
Answer: Hay can have weed (grass) seeds in it, so it can cause problems. Straw, on the other hand, is usually free of seeds. In my garden, I lay down several (about 10) layers of newspapers in the paths, then top them with “flakes” of hay. You can often separate bales of hay into layers that fit nicely into a garden path. This method helps control weeds, and keeps any seeds from the hay from reaching the soil. The downside of mulching is that it can keep the soil from warming up in the spring. So wait until the soil is nice and warm — a few weeks after your last frost date — before applying the mulch. Mulch can also harbor slugs and other critters.
Question: I am moving at the end of June and would like to move some of my 40-year-old bearded irises with me. When is the best time to move them? Can I move them in June?
Answer: Traditionally, bearded iris are moved or divided about a month after they bloom, though they can be successfully moved at other times as well. Prepare the new bed thoroughly before planting to provide a rich soil with good drainage. Make sure the new transplants get plenty of water, especially during their first summer, and keep the beds well weeded.
Slugs and snails are a menace now. The evenings are warmer and it’s not cold enough to keep them home at night. They are out and about, eating their way through your garden. Keep garden beds clean and raked up to eliminate hiding places. Surround new plantings with diatomaceous earth, egg shells or fireplace ashes and renew frequently. Slugs and snails don’t like to feel a rough texture of these materials on their sensitive foot. Surround garden beds with strips of copper foil. Copper reacts with the body juices of slugs and snails causing an electrical charge that gives these garden devourers an unpleasant jolt. Set beer traps near the surface of the soil. Slugs are real boozers and will help themselves to a fatal sip if available. Pay kids a penny a piece for snails collected from your garden.
Check annual and perennial vines to make sure they’re climbing their trellises properly. Some types of vines cling, some twine, some attach themselves with sticky pads, and some must be tied to their supports.
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